Articles by Michael Hyland

Under Pressure: Societal Goals and Stress

Under Pressure: Societal Goals and Stress

Failure to achieve important goals induces stress. Although some of these important goals (such as the need for control, competence and relationships) are universal, there are substantial variations between societies in the way goals are expressed. People’s goals are determined to a large extent by the society in which they live. If, within a particular society, high value is placed on things that most people achieve, then most people will experience few stressors. However, if high value is placed on things that few achieve, then many people will experience...
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Why Do People Respond to Stress Differently?

Why Do People Respond to Stress Differently?

People experience and respond to stress in different ways. There are seven reasons why this happens: 1) Personality There are several dimensions of personality, but the most important dimension, the one that explains most varience, is neuroticism versus stability. The term ‘neurotic’ has a meaning in common usage and one that isn’t flattering. By contrast, to the psychologist, the dimension of neuroticism - or negative affectivity - is simply a dimension on which people vary and should not imply a value judgement. Nice people can be neurotic! A person high in...
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7 Ways to Deal with Stress

7 Ways to Deal with Stress

Health and happiness go hand in hand.  A healthy body creates a healthy mind.  Everyone knows that a good diet promotes health and well-being, but the effect of stress is often underestimated.  Stress can be a killer. Let’s get some facts straight first.  Short term stress is not bad for you.  The body is designed for short term stress.  Short term stress can be enjoyable.  People choose to go on fairground rides – even though their bodies have an extreme stress reaction on the more exciting rides. Humans evolved to hunt mammoths.  It's just that we didn’t...
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